Chestnut-backed Chickadee / Mick Thompson / Eastside Audubon Society
There are many different species of birds found in Washington. We wanted to show a sample of the birds that would be appropriate to this area by pairing the list down to common urban birds seen in the Puget Sound Trough. By pairing down the list we created a user friendly beginners bird list for all ages to enjoy while finding birds.
Beginner’s Master Bird List
Anyone can start identifying bird with this list. The most common birds that are better known to the Seattle area are on this list so when you go for a neighborhood walk you can check off your birds as you go. The bird sightings you encounter are now at your fingertips.
Birds and their Habitats
These are the habitats that are in Western Washington that our birds flourish in. You can click on the common bird listed under the habitat to see more information regarding that bird.
A Conifer is a tree that produces its seeds in cones. Conifer leaves conserve water with the thick, waxy layer that covers their leaves, also known as needles. The dominate conifers are Douglas-fir, cedar, pine, and hemlock.
During the fall deciduous trees change color and then lose their leaves. In the spring and summer they flower and grow. Alder, maple, and cottonwood are the common ones in this area.
Conifers and deciduous trees often grow together in forest stands. A forest is considered mixed when each tree type makes up at least 30% of the canopy.
Areas with at least 25% canopy coverage within the area of a stream. Trees that are common in this zone are cottonwood, willow, and alder.
Herbaceous plants, woody shrubs, and trees growing in standing water or saturated soils are considered wetland areas. If an area in a wetland is more than 20 acres and without vegetation it is considered a lake and called lacustrine.
Grassland in the urban environment consists of overgrown grass, fields, or meadows that may have highly invasive plants that are used by birds for foraging, nesting, and dwelling.
High Quality Urban Habitat
High quality is represented best by people doing native wildlife gardening in their backyards. So very small areas (patches) of native shrubs and trees, that is not quite big enough to be called forest.
Low Quality Urban Habitat
Low quality would simply be large expanses of turf or grass with no landscaping.